Chile travel blog by Mark Berman -
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The Tierra del Fuego (Land of Fire) sits between Punta Arenas in Chile and Ushuaia in Argentina. An archipelago of rugged beauty, harsh climate, shipwrecks,
wildlife and with a history of how the native Selk'nam people were wiped-out between 1880-1920 for gold and land. Isla Grande is the main island and is where
you can take a tour to see king penguins and is also where you cross the border from Chile to Argentina to get to Ushuaia!
Tierra del Fuego Day Tour
I bought a ticket for an all day
tour of the Tierra del Fuego in Punta Arenas for $55,000 pesos ($80USD) and it is another $12,000 pesos for the park entrance on top of that. At 8:30am I
was picked up at my hostel and we set out to get down to the port in Punta Arenas before 9am. From the port we headed across the Strait of Magellan by ferry
for the 2hr journey to Porvenir, it was a beautiful sunny day on this morning! In Porvenir we made 3 stops. Firstly we made a 10min stop at Plaza Selk'nam
where the extinct Selk'nam people are remembered. They came to these lands 11,000 years ago as hunters and in 1881 numbered around 4000. They were tall, good
looking, strong and vigorous but yielded and became extinct when the settlers from Europe and Chile arrived. Our next stop for around 30mins was the Municipal
Museum (Fernando Cordero Rusque) where you can see the history of the Selk'nam people in photos, sculpture and artifacts as well as taxidermied animals such
as crabs, penguins, ducks, flamingos, geese, hawks, heron, ibis, owls and cats. Our last stop in Porvenir was for a hearty lunch, mine being chicken and
mashed potato, bread, butter and coca-cola! I had also brought a healthy selection of groceries and water in Punta Arenas for the day so I was never without
food throughout the trip.
Porvenir - Founded in 1894
Porvenir (founded in 1894) has a large proportion of its population who originally came from Chiloe Island and Croatia for sheep
farming and the gold rush at the end of the 19th century until early in the 20th century. The architecture and historical character of these times has been
preserved. The plaza in Porvenir is considered very beautiful and has some 134 trees of exotic species and the Church of San Francisco de Sales (1903) is
also located here. Around Porvenir you can see flora and fauna including guanacos, grey and red foxes, upland geese, ashy-headed geese, ruddy-headed geese,
buff-necked ibis and the crested caracaras. The coastal road offers great views of the Strait of Magellan and passes the Plaza de las Banderas (flags),
the Croation (Yugoslav) Park and the Remembrance Park which has examples of machinery dating from the early 1900's. The Municipal Cemetery in Porvenir is
noted for its beauty and for the mausoleums of the old colonizers. Cerro Mirador lookout hill is located 2kms south of town for seeing panoramic views of
the town and bay. The Stone House (Casa de Piedra) is where Croation pioneer Natalio Foretic discovered and began to exploit a lime quarry. Chilota Bay,
a fishing cove 5kms from Porvenir where we arrived on the ferry, is the main port for the town. Porvenir has hotels, restaurants and all basic public services
King Penguins at Parque Pinguino Rey
From Porvenir it's a 75min drive on the gravel coastal road to see the King Penguins at Parque Pinguino Rey! Look out for vicuna (similar to deer)
beside the road. The King Penguin is the second largest of the penguin species in the world. It reaches reproductive age between 3 and 6yrs old, gestation
takes 14-15 months and is the longest gestation period of all 18 penguin species. King penguins establish themselves in areas near beaches or grasslands
for breeding and lay just one egg. The chicks are covered in brown down (fur). The parents alternate guard and feeding duties. The color intensity of the
king penguin depends on its age, when the color is orange and yellow like a sunset, it is an adult. They walk with their wings open to keep balance and
feed on fish, squid and crustaceans. The closest you are allowed to get to the penguins at Parque Pinguino Rey is 35 meters! The photos I have from here
were taken from this distance with a 250mm zoom lens fully zoomed in. You will need a camera much larger than this for more professional looking pictures!
While you are here look around for Caiquen, a pair of birds on the ground - the white is male (Macho) and the brown is female (Hembra). Penguin Park
Tuesday to Sunday, 11am to 6pm with a $12,000 pesos ($18USD) entrance fee.
Cerro Sombrero Ghost Town
From the penguin colony we drove for nearly an hour northward and stopped at
Cerro Sombrero, a ghost oil town founded in 1958 as a centre for the Petrol Company (ENAP). Cerro Sombrero certainly does live up to its name as a ghost
town with nobody around and has old rundown buildings like the church and cinema. I couldn't even see any shops open. The streets have old wooden pastel
colored houses, those of the workers who used to live here in better days.
Bahia Azul to Punta Delgada
We now headed northward 20mins from Cerro Sombrero to cross the waters at
Bahia Azul (Blue Bay) over to Punta Delgada! There are some beautiful and large murals on the side of Bahia Azul of indigenous people and a long stony
beach. It's a quick ride on the ferry over to Punta Delgada where the red and white lighthouse (1898) will catch your eye as you arrive and dock!
Shipwreck at San Gregorio
Just a short distance west from Punta Delgada on the road back to Punta Arenas is San Gregorio. This is where we stopped to see an amazing shipwreck!
That of the Vapor Amadeo (36 meters). The ship lays rusted and wrecked on the beach and is a spectacular sight to see! The Amadeo worked for the Menendez
Behety company from 1893-1932. The ship was built in London in 1869 and arrived in Punta Arenas in 1899 where she was destined to be for the next 40yrs.
I presume that the Vapor Amadeo was shipwrecked in 1932 because firstly the date until she worked for the company (1932) and secondly the fact she didn't
make the 40yrs service in Punta Arenas which would have been up until 1939. The signs didn't say when she sunk. The ship is a national monument and a great
sight in the Tierra del Fuego!
Back to Punta Arenas
From San Gregorio back to Punta Arenas
takes around 90mins and by the end of the day after 12hrs of driving and sightseeing you will be happy to call it a day, but a damn fine day at that!